art of Madhubani painting, is the
traditional style developed in the
Mithila region, in the villages around
Madhubani, Bihar. Madhubani
literally means a forest of honey.
For commercial purposes, the work is
now being done on paper, cloth etc.
from nature & mythology are
adapted to suit their style. The
themes & designs widely painted
are the worship of Hindu deities such
as Krishna, Rama, Siva, Durga, Lakshmi,
Saraswati, Sun and Moon, Tulasi plant,
court scenes, wedding scenes, social
happenings around them, etc.
Floral, animal and bird motifs,
geometrical designs are used to fill
up all the gaps. There is hardly
any empty space in this style. The
skill is handed down the generations,
and hence the traditional designs and
patterns are widely maintained.
wrapped around a bamboo stick forms
the brush. The colours applied
are prepared by the artists.
Black colour is obtained by mixing
soot with cow dung; yellow from
turmeric or pollen or lime and the
milk of banyan leaves; blue from
indigo; red from the kusam flower
juice or red sandalwood; green from
the leaves of the wood apple tree;
white from rice powder; orange from
The colours are applied flat with no
shading. There is normally a
double line drawn for the outlines,
with the gap between the lines filled
by cross or straight tiny lines. In
the linear painting, no colours are
applied. Only the outlines are