SARASWATI – THE GODDESS OF KNOWLEDGE
Literally means ‘the one who gives the essence
(Sara) of our own self (swa) Goddess Saraswati is
represented as sitting on a lotus, holding the
sacred scriptures in one hand and a lotus in her
second hand. With the other two hands she plays the
Indian lute (Veena).
Goddess of knowledge and Learning is depicted here
as one who hast not only the experience of the
supreme Reality but is also the embodiment of the
philosophy of the Upanishads. These two are the
essential qualities of a Guru a Spiritual Teacher.
The Goddess, therefore represents the ideal guru who
possesses both these qualities. ‘Sitting on the
lotus’ symbolizes that the teacher is will
establishes in the subjective experience of the
Truth. ’Holding the scriptures in her hand’
indicates that she upholds that the knowledge of the
scriptures alone can take us to the Truth.
four hands of the Goddess, represent the four
aspects of the inner personality of man, viz., Manas
(mind), Buddhi (Intellect), Chitta (conditioned
consciousness) and Ahamkar (ego).
goddess’s chitta-hand holds the scriptures . With
the other two hands, representing the mind and the
intellect, of the seeker and draws learns to be in
perfect harmony with the world. If such tuning is
not done, man suffers mental agitations in life and
remains ever in disharmony with the world.
when a seeker lives a life of intelligent self
control (Tapas), deep study (Swadhyaya), continuous
reflection (Manana) and steady meditation (Nidhidhyasana),
his erstwhile limited ego attains liberation (Moksha).
This state of absolute liberation experienced by the
individual ego when it rediscovers the Supreme Self
within is symbolized by the lotus held by the
Goddess in her ‘Ahamkar’ hand.
Saraswati is wedded to the Creator, Brahma. The
Creator needs to be associated with the Goddess of
knowledge since creation has to be supported by the
‘Knowledge to create’ All creative endeavours can
spring forth from and sustain themselves only by the
Knowledge of what and who to create.